From the US Internet Industry Association (USIIA) bulletin August 6, 2007 Volume 07:29 -
President George W. Bush yesterday signed into law aGo to the USIIA web site and read more about this, and many other issues that are critical to today's online world. And while you're there you might think about joining. This organization is the only one that actually has an impact on Congress.
hastily-passed extension to the law permitting the federal
government to operate surveillance on Internet traffic
in the United States without a warrant.
Though adopted quietly, the new legislation will
significantly expand the legal limits on the government's
ability to monitor millions of phone calls and e-mail
messages going in and out of the United States.
The new law also provides a new a legal framework for much
of the surveillance without warrants that was being conducted
in secret by the National Security Agency and outside the
Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act, the 1978 law that
is supposed to regulate the way the government can listen
to the private communications of American citizens.
Previously, the government needed search warrants approved
by a special intelligence court to eavesdrop on telephone
conversations, e-mail messages and other electronic
communications between individuals inside the United States
and people overseas, if the government conducted the
surveillance inside the United States.|
By changing the legal definition of what is considered
"electronic surveillance," the new law allows the government
to eavesdrop on those conversations without warrants as
long as the target of the government's surveillance is
"reasonably believed" to be overseas.